Badgers live in underground setts which they typically dig into earth embankments, hedge bottoms and undisturbed field margins. The underground sett tunnels particularly in a main sett can be elaborate and extend from between 20 to 100m in length. Badgers live within a social group known as a clan.
Badgers have a varied diet and will eat nuts, berries and particularly earthworms which often form as much as 60 per cent of their diet. In a single night, an adult badger may eat well over 200 worms! Whilst foraging for earthworms they bury their snout into soft ground making circular depressions known as snuffle holes. Their powerful claws can also be used to rip up the ground whilst they forage for food after dusk. Badgers will sharpen their claws on tree trunks leaving distinct marks known as scratching posts.
Badger cubs are mainly born in February within a breeding chamber lined with bedding material. The cubs typically emerge from underground in May as food resources become more abundant. By the end of June cubs will be displaying most adult social behaviours, including grooming and scent marking.
Under the Protection of Badgers Act 1992, in England and Wales (the law is different in Scotland) it is an offence to: Wilfully kill, injure or take a badger. Intentionally or recklessly damage or destroy a badger sett, or obstruct access to it.